| Classification of Soil Systems on the Basis of Transfer Factors of Radionuclides from Soil to Reference Plants
IAEA TECDOC Series No. 1497
Improved specificity of radiological assessment models leads to better planning for emergency response and long term agricultural countermeasures, particularly in developing countries, through the development of generic data as well as those more relevant to local conditions. In addition, more precise information on environmental parameters may be used when setting limits for authorized discharges from nuclear installations. This publication summarizes the results of a coordinated research project initiated in cooperation with the International Union of Radioecologists (IUR) to address this need for improved specificity.
ISBN 92-0-105906-X, English. 15.00 Euro
Full Text , (File Size: 3647 KB).
| Energy, Electricity and Nuclear Power Estimates for the Period up to 2030 July 2006
Reference Data Series No. 1
This annual publication contains estimates of energy, electricity and nuclear power trends up to the year 2030, using a variety of sources, such as the IAEA"s Power Reactor Information System and data prepared by the United Nations.
IAEA-RDS-1/26, 53 pp.; 10 figures; 2006
ISBN 92-0-107006-3, English. 9.00 Euro
Full Text , (File Size: 268 KB).
| Intercomparison of Techniques for Inspection and Diagnostics of Heavy Water Reactor Pressure Tubes Flaw Detection and Characterization
IAEA TECDOC Series No. 1499
The IAEA conducted a Coordinated Research Programme (CRP) on Intercomparison of Techniques for HWR Pressure Tube Inspection and Diagnostics. This publication reports on the first phase of the CRP dealing with flaw characterization by in-situ non-destructive examination (NDE) techniques. The participating laboratories prepared pressure tube (PT) samples containing artificial hidden flaws resembling real defects of concern. All samples were then inspected from the inside surface, as in real conditions. The originating laboratories subsequently analysed the sample inspection reports from investigating laboratories and compared the NDE flaw sizing estimates with their true values. Thus, the most successful NDE methods for detection, location and sizing of various types of flaws in PTs were identified. This publication details how the research was conducted and documents results from the flaw detection and characterization activities.
ISBN 92-0-105606-0, English. 15.00 Euro
Full Text , (File Size: 1845 KB).
| Guidelines for Upgrade and Modernization of Nuclear Power Plant Training Simulators
IAEA TECDOC Series No. 1500
The use of simulators for the training and qualification of control room operating personnel has become a standard practice throughout the world to develop and reinforce knowledge of plant systems and their relationships, to increase the ability to apply plant procedures, to advance practical skills in operating the plant in normal, abnormal and emergency conditions, and to build supervisory skills and teamwork. Simulators are also utilized to conduct the authorization or licensing examinations of control room operating personnel and there is an increasing trend in the usage of simulators for non-training purposes. The simulator should be adequately maintained and upgraded to ensure that it continues to be a viable training tool that accurately replicates the operational characteristics of the reference nuclear power plant (NPP). The upgrade or modernization of the simulator should be conducted based upon the proven project management principles and methods discussed in this report. The combined simulator upgrade knowledge and experience of many NPPs and simulator vendors have been compiled, and examples of specific simulator upgrade projects are included in the appendices as well as on the CD-ROM.
ISBN 92-0-105706-7, English. 15.00 Euro
Full Text , (File Size: 747 KB).
| Decommissioning of Research Reactors: Evolution, State of the Art, Open Issues
Technical Reports Series No. 446
Taking into consideration the work done to date on research reactor decommissioning, it is timely to provide an up to date basis for ongoing and intended activities in this field. An evaluation of the state of the art, trends and current issues is desirable. This report reviews, from a historical perspective, decommissioning projects completed in recent years or under way, and assesses progress as well as open and new issues. It is meant to facilitate timely, safe and efficient completion of decommissioning projects for research reactors by highlighting technologies, and planning or management methodologies, and suggesting ways to overcome expected issues. The report includes a CD-ROM providing details of several hundred research reactor decommissioning projects.
STI/DOC/010/446, 156 pp.; 35 figures; 2006
ISBN 92-0-112605-0, English. 37.00 Euro. Date of Issue: 20 July 192006.
Full Text , (File Size: 3120 KB).
| Negative Ion Based Neutral Beam Injectors Proceedings of a Technical Meeting held in Padova, 9-11 May 2005
This meeting provided a forum for open discussions of the issues on physics and technology of neutral particle injection into magnetic fusion devices. The specific requirements associated with the injector construction and steady state operation in ITER and new fusion experiments have been addressed. The technical meeting included invited and contributed papers. Topics covered included: status reports and programmes on negative ion beam production, long-pulse operation, negative ion sources, acceleration and neutralization of negative ions, beam optics, injector diagnostics, and new concepts.
ISBN 92-0-104806-8, English, CD-ROM. 30.00 Euro
Full Text , (File Size: 1 KB).
| First Generation of Fusion Power Plants: Design and Technology Proceedings of a Technical Meeting held in Vienna, 5-7 July 2005
Progress on fusion in the last decades has established a scientific basis for optimism that fusion can be a real solution for the world’s increasing energy demand, a solution that does not contribute to the greenhouse effect and which offers minimal radioactive impact. With the recent decision on the construction of the first international experimental fusion-burning device, ITER, the scientific community has an unprecedented opportunity to address the remaining physics issues and develop the materials and technology at the level required to eventually build a fusion power plant. This series of meetings has been initiated under recommendation of the International Fusion Research Council for the IAEA aiming to pinpoint the physics and technologic requirements that ITER and a materials supporting programme will have to address to make it possible to build a DEMO fusion power plant prototype demonstrating viable economics.
ISBN 92-0-106306-7, English, CD-ROM. 45.00 Euro
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| Theory of Plasma Instabilities: Transport, Stability Issues and their Interaction Proceedings of a Technical Meeting held in Trieste, 2-4 March 2005
This publication contains the proceedings of the second technical meeting on the theory of plasma instabilities, held in March 2005 in Italy. The meeting gave the opportunity to 49 scientists from 21 countries, actively involved in this research field, to present their latest work and discuss their results. Many different types of plasma instabilities have been found in plasma devices. These have been partially explained by theoretical models but knowledge is still incomplete and has to be supplemented by further theoretical and experimental efforts. Plasma turbulence results in cross-field transport of one or two orders of magnitude larger than the transport arising from neoclassical transport due to binary collisions. The consequent reduction in plasma performance has implications on the development of fusion energy as an economic alternative power source. Thus a comprehensive understanding of plasma turbulence remains an important scientific objective. New ideas for explaining and modelling the new different types of plasma instabilities and turbulence that have been found in plasma devices have recently emerged, such as the interplay between different types of instabilities, cascades of instabilities and their interaction with plasma turbulence.
ISBN 92-0-102406-1, English, CD-ROM. 20.00 Euro
Full Text , (File Size: 1 KB).
| Human Resource Issues Related to an Expanding Nuclear Power Plant Programme
IAEA TECDOC Series No. 1501
This publication is devoted to human resource issues related to expanding a nuclear power plant (NPP) fleet, with particular emphasis on expansions including the use of new NPP designs. Lessons learned as well as information from NPP operating organizations in Member States are presented. It is intended that this publication be relevant for the full range of NPP technology considerations, up to and including Generation III innovative designs. The applicable expansion scenarios considered are: adding units of the same or very similar technology at existing sites, adding units of the same or very similar technology at new sites and adding units with considerably different technology (e.g., adding PWR units to a GCR fleet, adding an innovative plant design to an existing fleet, etc.).
ISBN 92-0-106106-4, English. 15.00 Euro
Full Text , (File Size: 727 KB).
| Thermophysical Properties Database of Materials for Light Water Reactors and Heavy Water Reactors
IAEA TECDOC Series No. 1496
The thermophysical properties database for materials of light water reactors and heavy water reactors described in this technical document was established within the framework of an IAEA coordinated research project. The database is intended to serve as a useful source of information on thermophysical properties data for water cooled reactor analyses. In particular, it aims at achieving improvements in safety and economics of future plants by helping to remove the need for large design margins to account for limitations of data and methods. The database has been developed into an internationally available Internet database (THERPRO) at Hanyang University (Republic of Korea), and now provides various materials properties data and an interactively accessible information resource and communications medium for researchers and engineers.
ISBN 92-0-104706-1, English. 15.00 Euro
Full Text , (File Size: 6219 KB).
| Basic Infrastructure for a Nuclear Power Project
IAEA TECDOC Series No. 1513
There are several stages to the process of introducing nuclear power in a country. These include the development of nuclear policies and regulations, feasibility studies, public consultations, technology evaluation, request for proposals and proposal evaluation, project and contracts development and financing, supply, construction, and commissioning and finally operation. This publication addresses the "minimum" infrastructure requirements, which are adequate until the issue of the construction license. The target readers are decision makers, advisers and senior managers in the governmental organizations, utilities, industrial organizations and regulatory bodies in the countries adopting nuclear power programmes or exporting supplies for these programmes.
ISBN 92-0-108506-0, English. 15.00 Euro. Date of Issue: 17 July 192006.
Full Text , (File Size: 658 KB).
| Innovative Waste Treatment and Conditioning Technologies at Nuclear Power Plants
IAEA TECDOC Series No. 1504
Member States and individual nuclear power plants (NPPs) must carry out radioactive waste processing (treatment and conditioning) in an efficient and cost effective manner. Determination of which of the many available technologies and strategies are best suited to meet national or local needs is often a complex assessment. The aim of this publication is to inform decision makers by presenting information on innovative technologies for processing wastes generated by NPPs. The report identifies the key benefits which may derive from the adoption of those technologies, the different waste streams to which each technology is relevant, and the limitations of the technologies.
ISBN 92-0-107706-8, English. 15.00 Euro
Full Text , (File Size: 710 KB).
| Nuclear Power Reactors in the World April 2006
Reference Data Series No. 2
This is the twenty-sixth edition of Reference Data Series No. 2, which presents the most recent reactor data available to the IAEA. It contains summarized information as of the end of 2005 on: (1) power reactors operating or under construction, and shut down; and (2) performance data on reactors operating in the IAEA Member States, as reported to the IAEA. The information is collected by the IAEA through designated national correspondents in the Member States. The replies are used to maintain the IAEA’s Power Reactor Information System (PRIS).
IAEA-RDS-2/26, 81 pp.; 6 figures; 2006
ISBN 92-0-106906-5, English. 12.00 Euro. Date of Issue: 10 July 192006.
Full Text , (File Size: 1575 KB).
| A System for the Feedback of Experience from Events in Nuclear Installations Safety Guide
Safety Standards Series No. NS-G-2.11
This Safety Guide provides recommendations on all the main components of operational experience feedback systems, utilizing relevant information on events and abnormal conditions that have occurred at nuclear installations around the world. It focuses on the interaction between the different systems for using operational experience feedback and constitutes an update and an extension of Part I, A National System, of Systems for Reporting Unusual Events in Nuclear Power Plants (IAEA Safety Series No. 93).
Contents: 1. Introduction; 2. Need for and main element of a national system for the feedback of operational experience; 3. Screening of events; 4. Investigation and analysis of events; 5. Corrective actions; 6. Trending and review to recognize emergent problems; 7. Utilization, dissemination and exchange of operating experience information; 8. Reviewing the effectiveness of the process for feedback of operational experience; 9. Quality assurance; 10. Reporting of safety related events; Appendix I: Reporting criteria and categories; Appendix II: Type of reports, timing, format and content; Appendix III: Investigation and analysis of events; Appendix IV: Approval and implementation of corrective actions; Annex I: OEF data management; Annex II: Example of elements of a national operating experience.
STI/PUB/1243, 61 pp.; 1 figures; 2006
ISBN 92-0-101406-6, English. 23.00 Euro
Full Text , (File Size: 497 KB).
| Economic Performance Indicators for Nuclear Power Plants
Technical Reports Series No. 437
From a global perspective, it is clear that there is no single group of key economic and financial measures that are applicable and useful for all countries and regions. The extent to which deregulation and privatization is occurring varies considerably around the world, with some countries continuing to foster regulated monopolies or provide government subsidies for power generation, while in others, retail and wholesale electricity is sold in truly open market, competitive situations. Consequently, the requirement for key measures of financial and economic success for the nuclear power industry will continue to vary from one region or country to another. The primary purpose of this report is to identify and define a number of economic performance measures for use at nuclear power plants operating in deregulated, competitive electricity markets. The report outlines recent changes in the regulatory environments surrounding the financial operation of electric utilities, and in particular discusses the implications of deregulation and competition on gauging the economic performance and financial health of a nuclear power enterprise. It presents and discusses a general definition and classification of nuclear economic indicators, within the context of regulation, competition and the economic requirements of constructing, operating and decommissioning nuclear power plants. The economic indicators selected are a reflection of the diversity of requirements and are intended to be applicable to different regions worldwide. In using these indicators, individual countries and Member States should select from the list those economic measures that are best suited to their specific applications and financial requirements.
STI/DOC/010/437, 158 pp.; 29 figures; 2006
ISBN 92-0-100905-4, English. 40.00 Euro. Date of Issue: 27 April 192006.
Full Text , (File Size: 2520 KB).